The basic goal of any database should be to collect information, organize it, and provide quick access to it.
Databases are the backbone of all modern business applications. Next you will be able to find the most popular open source database software.
** Next, let’s take a look at the best, most popular open source database software. **
Open source databases initially appear to be an attractive alternative to expensive solutions from Oracle, Microsoft or IBM.
As databases become more voluminous and complex, open source platforms such as MySQL or PostgreSQL increasingly compete with proprietary products in specific areas.
Just looking at the typology, one realizes that databases is not a world available to everyone.
However, we have dared to compile some of the best free database programs.
MariaDB is one of the most popular database servers in the world. The solution was developed by the original creators of open-source MySQL (considered the most important open-source database in the world), and is used by technology giants such as Wikipedia, WordPress or Google.
As mentioned on the MariaDB website, it turns data into structured information in a wide range of applications, from banking to websites.
The program is fast, scalable, and robust, with a rich ecosystem of storage engines, plugins, and many other tools that make it highly versatile for a wide variety of use cases.
According to the company Arsys, “it can be used anywhere MySQL was used before. As it is a supported system, any software that has used MySQL before can also continue to work with MariaDB.
Therefore, MariaDB can be used in any newly created project, as well as exchanging MySQL for MariaDB in practically all projects that may already be in production.
The step is immediate and does not require changing anything in the code, just install MariaDB and recreate the databases and tables on the new system.
MySQL has been on the market since 1995 and is currently owned by Oracle. MySQL is a double-licensed database management system. On the one hand, it is open-source, but on the other, it has a commercial version managed by Oracle.
It is currently the most famous and widely used open-source database in the world. According to the digital marketing company NeoAttack, “in a similar way, we can find others like Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server.
They all have the same purpose and are used in the same environment, which is nothing more than web development, and they are the ones most used today to shape and facilitate communication between websites and servers. ”
MySQL “is used to store all the information you want in relational databases, as well as to manage all this data with few complications thanks to its visual interface and all the options and tools available.
It is essential, especially on websites that have the option of registering users to log in, ”they added.
MySQL Community Edition is the free download version, available on more than 20 platforms and operating systems, including Linux, Unix, Mac, and Windows.
Among the disadvantages that some of its user’s comment on is the slow processing for large tables, so it is not recommended for agile developments.
PostgreSQL is a powerful open-source object-relational database system with over 30 years of active development that has earned it a solid reputation for reliability, robustness, and performance. Like many other open-source projects, PostgreSQL development is not carried out by a specific company or person but is led by a community of developers.
This community is called PGDG (PostgreSQL Global Development Group). The PostgreSQL community offers many useful places to get acquainted with the technology, find out how it works, and find career opportunities. ”
Some of its advantages that stand out are unlimited installation, great scalability, the graphical tool pgAdmin that is used to manage databases in PostgreSQL in an intuitive way, SQL Standard that implements almost all the functionalities of the ISO / IEC 9075: 2011 standard, the power and robustness and a wide variety of extensions.
On the contrary, it should be noted that it is relatively slow to insert and update small databases since it is designed for a large volume of information. They also lack online or phone support to answer questions or problems. In any case, they offer an introductory course to users.
Within the NoSQL databases, probably one of the most famous is MongoDB. It is an open-source document-oriented NoSQL database.
NoSQL means that instead of saving data in tables like it does in relational databases.
MongoDB saves data structures in JSON-type documents with a dynamic schema (BSON), making data integration in certain applications easier and faster.
The database is used by large companies, in fact, it is known as ‘the giant ideas database’.
There is a user manual for MongoDB that is under Creative Commons license. According to some experts, MongoDB is especially useful in environments that require scalability.
However, the problem that some experts point to is the recent license change of the database to increase profits. Among the drawbacks that some users point to is the difficulty of coding and learning.
Another relational database system, SQLite code is in the public domain and is free for any use, commercial or private. In its version 3, SQLite allows databases up to 2 terabytes in size and also allows the inclusion of BLOB type fields (large binary objects).
Every new release is preceded by numerous tests and users are kept up-to-date on all bugs, giving it a very reliable reputation.
SQLite is the most widely used database engine in the world. SQLite is built into all mobile phones and most computers and is included in countless applications that people use every day. However, its use is not recommended for client/server applications, for websites with large amounts of transactions, or for databases that are too large.
The company was launched in 2000 and while they acknowledge that “the future is always hard to predict,” the developers intend to stay dynamic until 2050. “Design decisions are made with that goal in mind,” they say.
6. CouchBase Server
Couchbase Server is a free database created by the Apache project. It does not guarantee 100% data integrity. It stands out for its large administration console in which you can access a large amount of data in a very easy way. It is based on NoSQL technology.
Couchbase Server offers unmatched performance at any scale, in any cloud. With features like memory-first architecture, geographically distributed deployments, and workload isolation. ”
Firebird is a relational database that offers many standard ANSI SQL features that run on Linux, Windows, MacOS, and a variety of Unix platforms.
Firebird offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers. It has been used primarily in production systems since 1981.
Among the advantages, its drivers include, among others, the simplicity of its installation, which does not consume large resources on the server or free support for the community.
As downsides, experts say it does not include built-in replication support (just as a plug-in), it lacks temporary tables and integration with other database systems, and the absence of reliable authentication in Windows compared to other operating systems.