For the premiere of the game remake of The Lion King, the KinoPoisk editors decided to choose 10 favourite Disney cartoons, and at the same time find out if the editorial top matches the readers’ top.
In early July, we conducted a poll at the editorial office and collected the top 10 best Disney cartoons. Then they asked KinoPoisk subscribers on VKontakte to choose their favourite cartoon from the 30 most popular Disney films – from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs to Lilo and Stitch. The survey took place in four stages ( first, second, third, fourth ), 24 thousand users took part in it. We did not include Pixar cartoons, puppet films and animated series.
Dumbo is a 1941 American animated fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The fourth Disney animated feature film, is based upon the storyline written by Helen Aberson and Harold Pearl, and illustrated by Helen Durney for the prototype of a novelty toy (“Roll-a-Book”). The main character is Jumbo Jr., an elephant who is cruelly nicknamed “Dumbo”, as in “dumb”. He is ridiculed for his big ears, but in fact, he is capable of flying by using his ears as wings. Throughout most of the film, his only true friend, aside from his mother, is the mouse, Timothy – a relationship parodying the stereotypical animosity between mice and elephants.
Made to recoup the financial losses of both Pinocchio and Fantasia, Dumbo was a deliberate pursuit of simplicity and economy for the Disney studios. At 64 minutes, it is one of Disney’s shortest animated features. The sound was recorded conventionally using the RCA System. One voice was synthesized using the Sonovox system, but it, too, was recorded using the RCA System.
Dumbo was released on October 23, 1941, where it was met with generally favourable reviews. It has since been considered to be among the greatest animated films of all time. In 2017, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically and aesthetically significant”.
The heartbreaking story of an unusual baby elephant with huge ears, who, against all odds, learned to fly and became famous. The cartoon has received a lot of criticism, especially for the scene with the drunken elephant and the mouse, nevertheless “Dumbo” remains one of the most touching and colourful Disney films.
A hilarious cartoon about the selfish Inca emperor Cuzco, whom a former adviser turns into a lama. In the guise of a lama, the emperor finds himself with a peasant whose village he was going to demolish in order to build himself a luxurious water park. Behind the jokes and catchphrases, there is an instructive tale of kindness and justice. The audience was especially happy that in “The Adventures of the Emperor” there was no love line and princesses, who pretty much-tired everyone by the beginning of the 2000s.
Original songs performed in the film include:
|1.||“Look Out for Mr. Stork”||The Sportsmen|
|2.||“Casey Junior”||The Sportsmen|
|3.||“Song of the Roustabouts”||The King’s Men|
|4.||“Baby Mine”||Betty Noyes|
|5.||“The Clown Song (A.K.A. We’re Gonna Hit the Big Boss for a Raise)”||Billy Bletcher, Eddie Holden & Billy Sheets|
|6.||“Pink Elephants on Parade”||The Sportsmen|
|7.||“When I See an Elephant Fly”||Cliff Edwards & The Hall Johnson Choir|
|8.||“When I See an Elephant Fly (Reprise)”||Chorus|
9: The Lady and the Tramp
Lady and the Tramp is a 1955 American animated musical romance film produced by Walt Disney and released by Buena Vista Film Distribution. The 15th Disney animated feature film was directed by Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson, and Hamilton Luske, and features the voices of Barbara Luddy, Larry Roberts, Bill Thompson, Bill Baucom, Verna Felton, and Peggy Lee. Based on the 1945 Cosmopolitan magazine story “Happy Dan, The Cynical Dog” by Ward Greene, Lady and the Tramp tells the story of a female American Cocker Spaniel named Lady who lives with a refined, upper-middle-class family and a male stray mutt called Tramp. When the two dogs meet, they embark on many romantic adventures and fall in love.
Lady and the Tramp were released to theatres on June 22, 1955, to box office success. It was the first animated film to be filmed in the CinemaScope widescreen film process. as well as Disney’s first animated film to be distributed by their Buena Vista division. It initially received mixed to negative reviews by film critics, but critical reception for the film has been generally positive in modern times, and the film is now seen as one of the best-animated films from Disney. A direct-to-video sequel, Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp’s Adventure, was released on February 27, 2001, and a live-action/CGI hybrid remake premiered on November 12, 2019, as a launch title for the Disney+ streaming service.
Animated rom-com about the Cocker Spaniel Lady, who escaped from her masters, and the Rogue mongrel who grew up on the street. The Lady and the Tramp is loved for its old-fashioned, leisurely plot and, of course, for the iconic scene of eating spaghetti in the backyard of a restaurant, which will then be repeated in a dozen films – from Hot Heads 2 to remakes of 101 Dalmatians and Superps.
The same Disney classic that is loved all over the world even 60 years after its release. In the centre of the plot are 15 puppies, their parents, the composer, his wife and, perhaps, the brightest and most cruel Disney villain, Cruella de Ville (also known as Cruella de Ville), who decided to make herself a fur coat from hundreds of Dalmatians. The game remake, directed by Stephen Herek and written by John Hughes in 1996, was no less successful than the original cartoon.
Original songs performed in the film include:
|1.||“Main Title (Bella Notte)”||George Givot & The Disney Studio Chorus|
|2.||“Peace on Earth”||Donald Novis & The Disney Studio Chorus|
|3.||“What Is a Baby”||Barbara Luddy|
|4.||“La La Lu”||Peggy Lee|
|5.||“The Siamese Cat Song”||Peggy Lee|
|6.||“Bella Notte”||George Givot & The Disney Studio Chorus|
|7.||“He’s a Tramp”||Peggy Lee & The Mellomen|
|8.||“Finale (Peace on Earth)”||Donald Novis & The Disney Studio Chorus|
Aladdin is a 1992 American animated musical fantasy comedy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film is the 31st Disney animated feature film and was the fourth produced during the Disney Renaissance. It was produced and directed by Ron Clements and John Musker and is based on the Arabic folktale of the same name from the One Thousand and One Nights. The voice cast features Scott Weinger, Robin Williams, Linda Larkin, Jonathan Freeman, Frank Welker, Gilbert Gottfried, and Douglas Seale. The film follows the titular Aladdin, an Arabian street urchin, who finds a magic lamp containing a genie. He disguises himself as a wealthy prince and tries to impress the Sultan and his daughter.
Lyricist Howard Ashman first pitched the idea, and the screenplay went through three drafts before then-Disney Studios president Jeffrey Katzenberg agreed to its production. The animators based their designs on the work of caricaturist Al Hirschfeld, and computers were used for both finishing the artwork and creating some animated elements. The musical score was written by Alan Menken and features six songs with lyrics written by both Ashman and Sir Tim Rice, who took over after Ashman’s death.
Aladdin was released on November 25, 1992, to critical and commercial success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1992 with an earning of over $504 million in worldwide box office revenue. Upon release, it became the first animated feature to reach the half-billion-dollar mark and was the highest-grossing animated film of all time until it was surpassed by The Lion King (1994).
Aladdin garnered two Academy Awards, as well as other accolades for its soundtrack, which had the first and only number from a Disney feature to earn a Grammy Award for Song of the Year, for the film’s “A Whole New World”, sung by Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle. The film’s home video VHS release also set a sales record and grossed about $500 million in the United States. Aladdin‘s success led to various derived works and other material inspired by the film, including two direct-to-video sequels, The Return of Jafar (1994) and Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996); an animated television series of the same name; and a Broadway adaptation. A live-action film adaptation directed by Guy Ritchie was released on May 24, 2019.
Aladdin is a street thief who has found a magic lamp with a genie who is ready to grant three wishes. With the help of the genie, the young man fights with Jafar, who also hunts for the lamp and tries to marry Aladdin’s beloved Princess Jasmine. Aladdin was the third film released during the Disney Renaissance (the first two are The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast). Why do many people love “Aladdin” so much? Of course, for the hilarious genie, the flying carpet and the Arabian night.
The charming (white-skinned!) Princess of the underwater world Ariel rescues the prince from the human world and then gives the evil witch her voice in exchange for legs and mortal life. Disney turned Hans Christian Anderson’s scary tale about the unfortunate mermaid into a colourful musical with a happy ending: the witch Ursula is defeated, Ariel and Eric together. The Little Mermaid was the first in a series of Disney hits throughout the 1990s that became the studio’s new classics. And 30 years later, Ariel remains one of the most beloved Disney princesses.
Hercules is a 1997 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. The 35th Disney animated feature film and the eighth animated film produced during the Disney Renaissance, the film was directed by Ron Clements and John Musker. The film is loosely based on the legendary hero Heracles (known in the film by his Roman name, Hercules), the son of Zeus, in Greek mythology.
Development of Hercules began in 1992 following a pitch adaptation of the Heracles mythological stories by animator Joe Haidar. Meanwhile, Clements and Musker re-developed their idea for Treasure Planet following the critical and commercial success of Aladdin. Their project was removed from development in 1993, and Musker and Clements joined Hercules later that same year.
Following an unused treatment by Haidar, Clements and Musker studied multiple interpretations of Greek mythology before abandoning Zeus’s adulterous affair with Alcmene. The project underwent multiple story treatments and a first script draft was inspired by the screwball comedy films of the classic Hollywood era and popular culture of the 1990s. Donald McEnery, Bob Shaw, and Irene Mecchi were brought on board to revise the script. British cartoonist Gerald Scarfe was recruited as production designer and produced over seven hundred visualization designs of the characters. Research trips to Greece and Turkey provided inspiration for the background designs. Animation for the film was done in California and Paris. Computer animation was used in several scenes, predominantly in the Hydra battle sequence.
The only point in which the opinion of the editorial board and the readers of KinoPoisk coincided. Hercules is considered one of the most underrated Disney cartoons. The fact is that in the mid-1990s the studio decided to move away from the usual fairy-tale plots and focus on its own material (“The Lion King”), as well as artistic and historical sources ( “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” , “Pocahontas” ). In the cartoon about the adventures of a clumsy teenager who turns out to be the son of Zeus, ancient Greek myths coexist with references to the pop culture of the 1980s and 1990s (Spice Girls, “The Karate Boy” , “The Lion King”, released three years earlier), and the inhabitants of Mount Olympus joke about Nike sandals and 911 calls. But most of all, the audience fell in love with the charismatic antagonist Hades.
6: Beauty and the Beast
Beauty and the Beast is a 1991 American animated musical romantic fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, released by Walt Disney Pictures, produced by Don Hahn, and directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise. The 30th Disney animated feature film and the third released during the Disney Renaissance period, it is based on the 1756 French fairy tale of the same name by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont (who was only credited in the French dub), and ideas from the 1946 French film of the same name directed by Jean Cocteau. Beauty and the Beast focus on the relationship between the Beast (voice of Robby Benson), a prince who is magically transformed into a monster and his servants into household objects as punishment for his arrogance, and Belle (voice of Paige O’Hara), a young woman whom he imprisons in his castle. To break the curse, the Beast must learn to love Belle and earn her love in return before the last petal falls from an enchanted rose or else the Beast will remain a monster forever. The film also features the voices of Richard White, Jerry Orbach, David Ogden Stiers, and Angela Lansbury.
Walt Disney first attempted to adapt Beauty and the Beast into an animated film during the 1930s and 1950s but was unsuccessful. Following the success of The Little Mermaid (1989), Walt Disney Pictures decided to adapt the fairy tale, which Richard Purdum originally conceived as a non-musical. Disney chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg eventually dismissed Purdum’s idea and ordered that the film be a musical similar to The Little Mermaid instead. The film was directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise in their directorial debut, with a screenplay by Linda Woolverton story first credited to Roger Allers. Lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken wrote the film’s songs. Ashman, who additionally served as the film’s executive producer, died of AIDS-related complications six months before the film’s release, and the film is thus dedicated to his memory.
An adaptation of an 18th-century French fairy tale about the beautiful Belle, who becomes a hostage to the Beast living alone in a beautiful castle. Belle comes to the aid of a talking clock, cups and candelabra, which, like their owner, turn out to be enchanted people. Good-natured servants hide behind household items, and a handsome prince behind the Beast. Beauty and the Beast is loved for its nod to Disney classics from the 1950s and 1960s. And, of course, for a beautiful story.
Young scientist Milo sets out in search of the mysterious Atlantis. A ship with an expedition on board suffers a disaster, and people find themselves in an underwater city-state. The release of the cartoon in 2001 was accompanied by a scandal: Disney was accused of plagiarizing the Japanese anime series Nadia from the Mysterious Sea . The creators of “Atlantis” explained the similarity with the Japanese animated series by one primary source – both cartoons are based on the novel by Jules Verne “20 thousand leagues under the sea.” In addition to the sheer anime influence, audiences especially noted the steampunk style of Atlantis and the complex portrayal of villains.
5: Lilo & Stitch
Lilo & Stitch is a 2002 American animated science fiction comedy-drama film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The 42nd Disney animated feature film was written and directed by Chris Sanders and Dean DeBlois in their directorial debuts. It features Daveigh Chase and Sanders as the voices of the title characters and also features the voices of Tia Carrere, David Ogden Stiers, Kevin McDonald, Ving Rhames, Jason Scott Lee, and Kevin Michael Richardson. It was also the second of three Disney animated feature films (the first being Mulan, and followed by Brother Bear) that were produced primarily at the Florida animation studio in Disney’s Hollywood Studios (then named “Disney-MGM Studios” during its production) at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida. It was officially released on June 21, 2002, to positive reviews and was nominated for Best Animated Feature at the 75th Academy Awards.
The film’s story revolves around two eccentric and mischievous individuals: a six (later seven)-year-old Hawaiian girl named Lilo Pelekai, who is raised by her older, young adult-aged sister Nani after their parents died in a car accident, and a blue extraterrestrial koala-like creature called Experiment 626, who is adopted by Lilo as her “dog” and renamed “Stitch”. Stitch, who is genetically engineered by his mad scientist creator to cause chaos and destruction, initially uses Lilo to avoid being captured by an intergalactic federation, but the two individuals develop a close bond through the Hawaiian concept of ʻohana or extended family. This bond causes Stitch to reconsider and later defy his intended destructive purpose in order to keep his family together.
The story of the friendship of a Hawaiian girl with an alien beast, released in 2002, is one of the most atypical Disney cartoons. Instead of princesses, princes and magic – flirting with science fiction, an orphan girl listening to Elvis Presley, and an ill-mannered alien experiment who eats his boogers and which everyone takes for a wild dog. Viewers loved Lilo & Stitch, despite the critically acclaimed film’s cold reception and style from other Disney cartoons.
The cartoon about a Chinese girl who went to war was Disney’s first feminist film. Before Mulan, almost all Disney heroines either waited for a handsome prince or sacrificed themselves for him. Mulan amazes with her courage and perseverance: she leaves her family, pretends to be a young man and goes to war against the Huns. The charm of the cartoon is added by Mulan’s faithful companion – the sharp-tongued dragon Mushu, and not a singing crab or a moustachioed watch like other Disney heroines.
4: 101 Dalmatians
One Hundred and One Dalmatians is a 1961 American animated adventure comedy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and based on the 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians by Dodie Smith. Directed by Clyde Geronimi, Hamilton Luske, and Wolfgang Reitherman. The 17th Disney animated feature film, tells the story of a litter of Dalmatian puppies kidnapped by the villainous Cruella de Vil (“DeVille”), who wants to make their fur into coats. Their parents, Pongo and Perdita, set out to save their puppies from Cruella in the process of rescuing 84 additional ones that were bought in pet shops, bringing the total of Dalmatians to 101.
The film was originally released in theatres on January 25, 1961, and was a box office success, pulling the studio out of the financial slump caused by Sleeping Beauty, a costlier production released two years prior, and became the eighth highest-grossing film of the year in the North American box-office. Aside from its box office revenue, its commercial success was due to the employment of inexpensive animation techniques—such as using xerography during the process of inking and painting traditional animation cels—that kept production costs down. Disney would later release a live-action remake titled 101 Dalmatians in 1996 and its sequel 102 Dalmatians in 2000. A direct to video animated sequel to the 1961 film titled 101 Dalmatians II: Patch’s London Adventure was released in 2003. A live-action reboot titled Cruella directed by Craig Gillespie was released on May 28, 2021 in theatres and on Disney+ with Premier Access simultaneously.
3: The Little Mermaid
The Little Mermaid is a 1989 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and Walt Disney Pictures. The 28th Disney animated feature film is based on the 1837 Danish fairy tale of the same name by Hans Christian Andersen. The film tells the story of a mermaid named Ariel, who dreams of becoming human and falls in love with a human prince named Eric, which leads her to make a magic deal with the sea witch, Ursula, to become human and be with him. Written and directed by Ron Clements and John Musker, with music by Alan Menken and lyrics by Howard Ashman (who also served as producer alongside John Musker), and art direction by Michael Peraza Jr. and Donald A. Towns, the film features the voices of Jodi Benson, Christopher Daniel Barnes, Pat Carroll, Samuel E. Wright, Jason Marin, Kenneth Mars, and Buddy Hackett.
Walt Disney planned to put the story in a proposed package film containing Andersen’s stories but scrapped the project. In 1985, while working on The Great Mouse Detective (1986), Clements and Musker decided to adapt the fairy tale and proposed it to Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, who initially declined due to its similarities to a proposed sequel to the 1984 film Splash, but ultimately approved of it. Ashman became involved and brought in Menken. With supervision from Katzenberg, they made a Broadway-style structure with musical numbers as the staff was working on Oliver & Company (1988). Katzenberg warned that the film would earn less since it appealed to females, but he eventually became convinced that it would be Disney’s first blockbuster hit.
The Little Mermaid was released to theatres on November 17, 1989, to critical acclaim, earning praise for the animation, music, and characters. It was also a commercial success, garnering $84 million at the domestic box office during its initial release, and $233 million in total lifetime gross worldwide. After the major success of both the 1986 Disney animated film The Great Mouse Detective and the 1988 Disney/Amblin live-action/animated film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, The Little Mermaid is given credit for breathing life back into the art of Disney animated feature films after some films produced by Disney were struggling. It also marked the start of the era known as the Disney Renaissance. The film won two Academy Awards for Best Original Score and Best Original Song (“Under the Sea”).
2: The Lion King
The Lion King is a 1994 American animated musical film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. It is the 32nd Disney animated feature film, and the fifth animated film produced during a period known as the Disney Renaissance. The Lion King was directed by Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff, produced by Don Hahn, and has a screenplay credited to Irene Mecchi, Jonathan Roberts, and Linda Woolverton. Its original songs were written by composer Elton John and lyricist Tim Rice, with a score by Hans Zimmer. The film features an ensemble voice cast that includes Matthew Broderick, James Earl Jones, Jeremy Irons, Jonathan Taylor Thomas, Moira Kelly, Nathan Lane, Ernie Sabella, Rowan Atkinson, Robert Guillaume, Madge Sinclair (in her last film role), Whoopi Goldberg, Cheech Marin, and Jim Cummings. The story takes place in a kingdom of lions in Africa and was influenced by the Biblical stories of Joseph and Moses, and William Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
The Lion King tells the story of Simba (Swahili for lion), a young lion who is to succeed his father, Mufasa, as King of the Pride Lands; however, after Simba’s paternal uncle Scar murders Mufasa to seize the throne, Simba is manipulated into thinking he was responsible and flees into exile. After growing up in the company of the carefree outcasts Timon and Pumbaa, Simba receives valuable perspective from his childhood friend, Nala, and his shaman, Rafiki, before returning to challenge Scar to end his tyranny and take his place in the Circle of Life as the rightful King.
The story of Simba the lion cub, who, after the death of his father and the seizure of the throne by his villainous uncle, is sent into exile to return and become king, has been the most successful Disney cartoon in everything – from record box office receipts to Oscars, Grammy and Golden Globe “. Soon after its 1994 premiere, a gigantic universe began to form around The Lion King, including the animated series, spin-offs and musicals, as well as video games, cartoon-based books and a huge amount of merchandise.
Mulan is a 1998 American animated musical adventure film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. It is based on the Chinese legend of Hua Mulan and was Disney’s 36th animated feature and the ninth animated film produced and released during the Disney Renaissance. It was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook, with a story by Robert D. San Souci and screenplay by Rita Hsiao, Philip LaZebnik, Chris Sanders, Eugenia Bostwick-Singer, and Raymond Singer. Ming-Na Wen, Eddie Murphy, Miguel Ferrer and BD Wong star in the English version, while Jackie Chan provided the voice of Captain Li Shang for the Chinese dubs of the film. The film’s plot takes place in China during the Han dynasty, where Fa Mulan, daughter of aged warrior Fa Zhou, impersonates a man to take her father’s place during a general conscription to counter a Hun invasion.
Produced and released during the Disney Renaissance, Mulan was the first of three features produced primarily at the Disney animation studio at Disney-MGM Studios (now Disney’s Hollywood Studios) in Bay Lake, Florida. Development for the film began in 1994 when a number of artistic supervisors were sent to China to receive artistic and cultural inspiration. Mulan was well received by critics and the public who praised the animation, plot, characters (particularly the eponymous character), and musical score, and grossed over $304 million. It earned a Golden Globe and Academy Award nomination and won several Annie Awards, including Best Animated Feature. It was then followed by Mulan II in 2004, a direct-to-video sequel. A live-action adaptation directed by Niki Caro was released on September 4, 2020.